Melanin is the natural pigment that gives colour to our skin, hair and eyes. Hyperpigmentation is the darkening of areas of the skin caused by an overproduction of melanin. A number of factors can trigger an increase in melanin production, including: age, genetic factors, sun exposure, hormonal influences and some inflammatory conditions. Although hyperpigmentation is a harmless condition, the spots it causes can often be quite prominent and aesthetically displeasing. With effective skin pigmentation treatment, achieving a more even-toned and bright skin is possible.
Types of hyperpigmentation include:
- Melasma – an overproduction of melanin caused by hormonal overstimulation; usually caused by high oestrogen levels as in pregnancy or with the use of Hormone Replacement Therapies
- Solar keratosis and solar lentigo – localised skin changes related to age and/or prolonged sun exposure
- Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) – hyperpigmentation that occurs at the site of previous inflammation; most often secondary to infection (as in acne) or some autoimmune conditions
- Freckles – spots of hyperpigmentation caused by a heightened sensitivity to sun radiation; usually as a result of genetic predisposition.
What Can Cause Skin Pigmentation?
Skin pigmentation can be the result of a number of factors, both external and internal. From genetics and hormonal changes to environmental exposure and trauma, the factors also determine the extent of pigmentation in some cases.
Some of the common causes of skin pigmentation include birthmarks, sun damage, injury, hormones, uric acid, friction, skin trauma, pregnancy, medical conditions, genetics, medication, changes in the environment, etc.
Our Approach toward Skin Pigmentation Treatment in Melbourne
Pigmentation can have a number of causes, each differentiating pigmentation into different types. To provide effective treatment, it is first essential to identify the type of pigmentation and its extent. We offer initial consultations for skin pigmentation at our clinic in Melbourne where we conduct a thorough assessment to identify the type of pigmentation and the right treatment for your condition. This will also help us determine how many sessions your treatment will span across.
Keeping the type of pigmentation you suffer from in mind, we are committed to providing skin pigmentation treatment in Melbourne that is tailored to your needs. The consultation can help you understand your condition and what can be expected from the treatment we provide for the health of your skin.
Treatments for Hyperpigmentation – what are the options?
Unfortunately, oftentimes the conditions leading to hyperpigmentation cause permanent skin changes that make long-term treatment quite difficult. However, there are multiple treatments that have proven effective in reducing or eliminating the most prominent areas of pigmentation. These rely on the principle that the more superficial the pigment is in the skin, the darker it appears. As such, by removing the most superficial layers of skin where dark pigment is likely to be, a significant aesthetic effect can be achieved. A combination of treatments is often used to target both the superficial and deeper levels of pigmentation to achieve the best cosmetic results.
These treatment options include:
- Chemical Peels
- Intense Pulsed Light (IPL)
- Sunscreen and Sun Protection Measures
- Prescription Skincare
For melasma and other more stubborn pigmented lesions, a Cosmelan Peel is also recommended, due to its dual corrective and regulating action